Arcanum is a multi-role spacecraft for the outer Solar System consisting of a large Neptunian orbiter and a soft-landing Triton probe. The spacecraft is designed to be at the forefront of next-generation space science missions, showcasing what will be possible with new super heavy-lift launch vehicles such as SpaceX Starship.
The orbital component Somerville will perform multiple flybys on a
15-year trajectory to Neptune before finally capture burning into a
highly-eccentric orbit; providing deep-space observation windows at
apogee and planetary science measurements at perigee.
Remote sensing and in-situ measurements ranging from gamma-ray spectrometry to dust detection will allow a comprehensive understanding of the Neptunian environment, and an optical wavelength telescope will allow deep-space observations to be made outside the zodiacal light interference of the inner Solar System.
The Bingham soft-landing probe will detach from Somerville during a
Triton flyby, alongside two surface impact penetrators.
Sequenced landings will allow the conduction of a seismic experiment on the interior structure of the moon, and additional instrumentation will allow near-surface atmosphere, surface, and subsurface measurements to be taken.
An L-class Multirole Observatory and Science Platform for Neptune
St Petersburg, Russia
Scientific Objectives and Instruments for Neptune, Triton and KBOs
JBIS Vol 74.9
British Interplanetary Society
Concept of Operations for a Neptune System Mission